Surprisingly to some, dogs and bears are not related. Dogs are part of the “canidae” family and Canids are part of a larger group known as carnivora, which also has been known to include bears, cats and even seals. Thus dogs and bears are in the same order (carnivora) however they are still located in different families. A dog as mentioned before is in the “canidae” family while bears are found in the “ursidae” family. According to this classification, that makes dogs and bears no more related to each other than each is to cats.
Indeed more and more elephants are becoming endangered nowadays. Africa, in particular has experienced a continent-wide decline in the number of elephants in just the last few decades. In fact between 1979 and 1989, nearly half of Africa’s elephants were hunted and/or killed for ivory. The expansion of human population is another problem that poses risks to endangering elephants as human settlements limit an elephant’s range of movement. With less food sources available due to this expansion, some elephants have begun to resort to raiding crops. This raiding of crops has often led to many fatalities as farmers defending their livelihoods and their crops have taken this matter quite seriously.
Cats don’t usually need to be bathed on a routine basis, and for anyone who has ever owned a cat you probably already know that bathing a cat can be quite difficult depending on the cat’s personality. Most cats hate getting baths. Cats take care of their grooming mostly all on their own and need little assistance when it comes to keeping clean. In fact a healthy cat will normally spend more than 10% of its time grooming itself. Usually by the end of the day it has cleaned whatever dirt, debris, etc. it had on itself off.
For the most part kitty does a good job keeping itself clean, and owners can help by regularly combing them or wiping them down with moist towlettes if they are dirty or have loose stool hanging on their fur. There may be times however when a simple wet wipe just won’t do the trick. In this case it can often be quite difficult in knowing how to bathe a cat properly/safely, and the trickiest part often lies in the cat’s behavior. Many have been known to bite, claw or fight their way out of the bathtub ending bathtime in complete chaos.
If your cat is aggressive you may want to consider taking them to a groomer rather than try and bathe them on your own. Another good thing to keep in mind is making sure that they are up to date on their rabies vaccinations. Most groomers will not let you make an appointment if they know your cat isn’t up to date on its shots.
However for those pet owners who decide they are brave enough to try and bathe the cat on their own should prepare themselves and the bathtub before rounding kitty up for a cleaning. Choosing a small area to bathe the cat in is usually best, this makes it easier to keep things under control. To bathe kitty a few supplies you may want to consider using include: a bathtub or sink, mild soap or cat shampoo, A few warm, dry towels, a rubber bath mat or small towel for kitty to claw or grasp while being bathed, a cup or something along those lines to pour water, A washcloth for washing kitty’s face, A cat brush or comb (flea combs will work fine), A blow dryer if applicable (most cat’s are frightened of the loud noise they make), and having someone help you bathe the cat is always a helpful thing to try as well as it can be difficult to do alone.
Once you have assembled all of the items you will need to bathe the cat, you will need to find your cat and bring them into the area you plan to bathe them in. Making sure everything is ready to go before getting the cat and bringing it into the room is most helpful, because it will make kitty less anxious. (the loud sound of water running or the commotion of moving everything/getting everything ready can frighten kitty).
If your cat is a fighter, the bathing process will not be easy nor will it be very fun for either of you. But in some cases, it is something that must be done. Most cats are not going to enjoy getting a bath, but there are a few who don’t mind. Beginning to talk to your cat in a soft, soothing voice can help keep kitty calm. Try your best not to act scared or nervous, it will let your cat know that something isn’t right and will make him or her anxious. This will in turn make them act more aggressive.
Next gently set kitty down in the water, on something such as a bath mat or a wash cloth that they can grab onto. This will keep them from slipping in the tub. If you have managed to talk a friend into helping bathe the cat, have them hold onto the body and upper shoulder area of the cat. If you are bathing the cat alone you are going to want to hold onto the cat with one hand and scrub with the other. It is best to try and ignore the cat’s meowing and carrying on so that you can get the bath over with as safely and quickly as possible.
It is important when bathing your cat to keep water away from their ears and face. Use a wet wash cloth to wash this area and after wetting the cat, lather it up with shampoo. Start at the neck and work your way toward the other end. Always work from clean to dirty so you aren’t bringing any of the messiness from one area to another. Next rinse your cat by scooping some water into a cup and gently pour it over the cat. Again, it is important during this to keep water away from your cat’s face and head. If you get their head wet, it may cause them to panic.
After rinsing all of the shampoo off, drain the water and wrap the cat in a warm, dry towel. Try to calm the cat by petting it or talking soothingly to it. A blow dryer can be used on kitty, but this is usually more stressful than anything and ends up being more trouble than its worth for both parties. Dry them as thoroughly as possible and they will air dry on their own the rest of the way. Next try combing the cat.
Bathing a cat is a lot of stressful and hard work so many pet owners choose not to do it unless absolutely necessary. As mentioned before, bathing cats on a regular basis is not something that is necessary unless they have something like loose stool, dirt or a poisonous substance such as motor oil on their fur. So try not to worry too much about keeping kitty clean, they do a fine job by themselves. If it is absolutely necessary then try the above tips or opt for a groomer or moist towelettes instead. They even sell self drying cat shampoo at pet stores that you rub into the cat’s fur and then it dries later on its own. Any of these are good options when bathing trying to keep your pesky feline friend clean.
There have been studies done to test this theory; however each instance really depends on the type of bear. One study done in 1983 reported that when presented with a series of different odors (including seal scents, other food scents, non menstrual human blood, and used tampons) four captive polar bears elicited a strong behavioral response only to the scent of seals and the used tampons (menstrual blood) suggesting that polar bears are in fact attracted to the scent of menstruation. The study also reported that free-ranging polar bears detected and consumed food scent samples and used tampons but showed no interest in non-menstrual human blood and unused tampons.
Grizzly bear attacks have not been able to be linked to menstruation. However the responses of grizzlies to menstrual odors has not been studied experimentally so answering if they are attracted to the odor for sure has not really yet been determined. Whereas black bears of all sex and age classes that have been studied essentially ignored all menstrual odors. Furthermore, in extensive reviews all across North America there have been no instances of black bears attacking or being attracted to menstruating women or the odor of menstruation.
However, although there is not any evidence available to suggest that grizzly bears and black bears are attracted to menstruation, or any more so than they are attracted to other types of odors, certain precautions can and should still be taken to reduces the risks of attacks when it comes to women hiking, camping, etc. in areas where these creatures may be present.
Some of the precautions one can take include: using pre-moistened, unscented towlettes, and using internal tampons instead of external pads as this helps reduce odor. Do not bury any feminine products as a bear may smell buried pads or tampons and be curious and inclined to dig them up. By providing bears with a small food reward such as this, it may attract bears to other women who are menstruating. Using light scented or unscented products is the way to go. Also avoiding cosmetics, perfumes, and deodorants is also wise as using them may help attract bears.
All used tampons, pads, and towlettes should be placed and sealed in zip lock baggies for disposal and then stored somewhere where they are not available to bears. (The same as you would store food) One idea is to hang them at least ten feet above the ground and four feet from the trunk of a tree so bears have a harder time getting to them).
Disposing tampons by burning them over a campfire is one option, however if this is done it should be done properly. Keep in mind that it takes a very hot fire and a considerable amount of time for a tampon to burn completely. Any charred remains should be removed from the fire pit and then stored with other garbage, again out of a bear’s reach. It should also be noted that the burning of any kind of garbage is considered odorous and may attract bears to the campsite, so its probably best to avoid this method altogether.
Be sure to follow all food storage regulations and recommendations to avoid attracting bears as food, cooking, toiletries, food storage gear, and garbage can all attract bears and must be kept secure from them to ensure your safety.
Of course, not going camping, hiking, or anywhere a bear is sure to be lurking while you are menstruating is probably one of the safest ways to ensure that you don’t attract a bear as well.
Proper methods for storing bear attractants are as follows:
- Keep food or other possible attractants in the car (The trunk of a car or the cab of a truck works best)
- Keep food or other possible attractants in a solid camping trailer that is constructed of non-pliable material.
- Never store food or other attractants in a tent or tent trailer.
- Keep items or food in a food storage box, (some campgrounds provide these) never leave them out. Suspending the items at least ten feet in the air and four feet horizontally from the tree trunk also helps.
It is pretty typical for dog owners to ask this question, however answering it is a bit more complex than just saying yes or no. Technically, yes dogs are colorblind, however contrary to many beliefs they are not color blind in the sense that they do not see in color at all or only see shades of grey. They are color blind meaning that they can’t see the same color range as somebody with normal vision. Dogs have what is called dichromatic color vision. What this means is that dogs have two color-receptors in their eyes, one which peaks at the blue-violet range and one that peaks at the yellow-green range. In conclusion, this means that dogs are not necessarily “color blind” as they are “green blind” which is one form of red-green color blindness called deuteranopia.
The color spectrum is made up of wavelengths of light that is the same to all of us humans, only the perceptions of these colors can be different depending on the individual. Dogs for instance have problems distinguishing certain colors such as red, orange, green, greenish-blue, gray and different shades of purple. Furthermore, “human” red’s, greens and oranges to a dog since they are not distinguishable appear somewhere on their yellow to blue spectrum.
The human eye consists of more cones whereas a canine’s eyes is different and consists of more rods and fovea which are responsible for sharp visual detail in humans. Due to this fact, canines have superior night vision and it is also easier for them to track movement than it is for us humans. Not to mention they can track movement better than humans can, however while doing so they will see things in fewer colors, and the shapes and objects appear much less detailed.