Contrary to what many people may believe, parrots are not color blind. Nor do they only see in certain colors such as dogs and cats do. It is true that parrots are able to see all of the same colors in the color spectrum that we humans are able to see. In fact, parrots even have better eyesight than we humans do.
This is because these marvelous birds not only have the different cones in their eyes that allow them to see all of the different colors in the color spectrum, but they also have a fourth cone that we humans do not possess. This fourth cone allows parrots to see ultraviolet light in addition to the other colors in the spectrum. Humans are unable to see this spectrum of light without using special technology. This fact presented by itself is fascinating enough and makes the parrot quite a unique and sophisticated creature.
One might begin to wonder however, why is it necessary for these birds to be able to see so many different colors? The answer lies in the fact that in order for them to see others of their species they must be able to differentiate colors. This survival mechanism is what allows the parrots to flock together and recognize each other more easily.
Although it is not entirely understood yet, research has suggested that these birds may possess such an ability in order to recognize birds of the opposite sex more easily when trying to search for a mate. To explain further, it is believed that the way ultraviolet light reflects off of the feathers of the parrots differs from a male bird to a female. It is truly fascinating how a parrot’s eyes function in order to help its species survive and procreate.